STRUCTURE OF SURGICAL ABNORMALITY IN NEWBORNS OF THE NIZHNY NOVGOROD REGION

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Abstract

Introduction. A tendency to the decline in birth rate and reduced number of diseases of the neonatal period has been lately observed in the Nizhny Novgorod region.

Materials and methods. 494 neonates with a surgical pathology aged from the frst hours to several weeks were treated in hospitals serving as clinical bases for the Volga Research Medical University from 2013 to 2017. 305 (62%) boys and 189 (38%) girls were observed. The majority of children (88%) were taken to surgical departments from maternity homes and perinatal centers of the city and region. 62 (12%) of children were hospitalized following the referral from local pediatricians. Admitted patients had a clinical and instrumental examination and initial therapy that stabilized their conditions and prepared them for surgeries.

Results. Congenital malformations (CM) were diagnosed in 330 (67%) children only. According to analysis of diseases related to the neonatal period, purulent and septic processes were found in 104 (21%) patients. Surgeries were performed in children aged from day 1 to several months of life.

Conclusion. Modern antenatal diagnostics and complex examination of newborns in the neonatal period enable timely detection of congenital abnormalities and initiation of adequate treatment.

About the authors

I. Yu. Karpova

Privolzhsky Research Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: karpova73@mail.ru

Irina Yu. KARPOVA Dr. Sci.(Med), associate professor, professor of the department of pediatric surgery

Minin and Pozharsky sq., 10/1, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, 603005



Russian Federation

V. V. Parshikov

Privolzhsky Research Medical University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Vyacheslav V. PARSHIKOV Dr. Sci.(Med), professor, head of the department of pediatric surgery

Minin and Pozharsky sq., 10/1, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, 603005

Russian Federation

E. A. Rozhdenkin

Nizhny Novgorod Regional Children’s Clinical Hospital

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Evgeny A. ROZHDENKIN Head of the surgical department

Vaneeva st, 211, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, 603136

Russian Federation

G. B. Batanov

Children’s City Clinical Hospital No. 1

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Georgy B. BATANOV Head of the surgical department o

Gagarin Ave, 76, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, 603081

Russian Federation

V. E. Pivikov

Nizhny Novgorod Regional Children’s Clinical Hospital

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Victor E. PIVIKOV Head neonatal resuscitation unit

Vaneeva st, 211, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, 603136

Russian Federation

E. D. Pyatova

Privolzhsky Research Medical University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Evgenia D. PYATOVA Senior lecturer of the department of medical physics and informatics

Minin and Pozharsky sq., 10/1, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, 603005

Russian Federation

D. V. Molchanova

Privolzhsky Research Medical University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Daria V. MOLCHANOVA Assistant of the department of pediatric surgery

Minin and Pozharsky sq., 10/1, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, 603005

Russian Federation

A. A. Bebenina

Privolzhsky Research Medical University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Anastasia A. BEBENINA 6th year student of the pediatric faculty

Minin and Pozharsky sq., 10/1, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia, 603005

Russian Federation

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Copyright (c) 2018 Karpova I.Y., Parshikov V.V., Rozhdenkin E.A., Batanov G.B., Pivikov V.E., Pyatova E.D., Molchanova D.V., Bebenina A.A.

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

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