FEATURES OF OPERATIONAL TREATMENT OF CHILDREN WITH COMPLICATED NEPHROLYTHISIS

Cover Page
  • Authors: Sultonov S.R.1, Makhmadjonov D.M.1, Boboev Z.A.1, Rakhmonov S.D.1
  • Affiliations:
    1. Pediatric surgery department, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University
  • Issue: Vol 7, No 3 (2017)
  • Pages: 33-38
  • Section: ORIGINAL ARTICLES
  • URL: https://rps-journal.ru/jour/article/view/331

Abstract


The purpose of the work was to improve the results of open surgical operations in complicated nephrolythisis in children.
Materials and methods of investigations. 121 patient with complicated nephrolythisis aged 1 to 15 years were observed by the authors. In 87.1% of cases the somatic background was due to concomitant diseases (ARVI, hypertrophy, pneumonia, rickets, etc.).
Results. The calculus deposit was removed using nephrolithotomy in 42.1%, pyelolithotomy in 46.3% and clicolithotomy in 11.6% patients. In obstructive purulent and calculous pyelonephritis, calculus was cured with primary nephrolithotomy and nephrostomy. Corrective surgeries were performed in 37% patients with renal defects. Correct management of the postoperative period and methods of the calices-pelvis system drainage were paid a great attention.
Conclusion. Conservative therapy of concurrent diseases and inflammation in the kidneys was followed by the surgery. Indications for various types of surgeries were developed depending on the type of nephrolithiasis.


About the authors

Sh. R. Sultonov

Pediatric surgery department, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University

Author for correspondence.
Email: sherali_1969@mail.ru

Russian Federation Доктор медицинских наук, зав. кафедрой детской хирургии ТГМУ им. Абуали ибни Сино, Таджикистан. 734026, г. Душанбе, пр. И. Сомони, 59.

D. M. Makhmadjonov

Pediatric surgery department, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Russian Federation Кандидат медицинских наук, доц. кафедры детской хирургии ТГМУ им. Абуали ибни Сино, Таджикистан. 734026, г. Душанбе, пр. И. Сомони, 59.

Z. A. Boboev

Pediatric surgery department, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Russian Federation Аспирант кафедры детской хирургии ТГМУ им. Абуали ибни Сино, Таджикистан. 734026, г. Душанбе, пр. И. Сомони, 59

Sh. Dj. Rakhmonov

Pediatric surgery department, Avicenna Tajik State Medical University

Email: fake@neicon.ru

Russian Federation Аспирант кафедры детской хирургии ТГМУ им. Абуали ибни Сино, Таджикистан. 734026, г. Душанбе, пр. И. Сомони, 59

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